TABLEAU DE 14 SAINTS AUXILIAIRES (GRENDELBRUCH)

Le tableau des 14 Saints auxiliaires (dimension 55, 5 x 46 cm) est une peinture à l’huile et feuille d’or à la mixtion sur toile.
Le tableau vient de la chapelle des Quatorze Saints Auxiliaires (Nothelfer en alsacien) situé à Muckenbach, lieu dit, sur les hauteurs du Hohbuhl, rattaché à la commune de Grendelbruch.

Devant la dureté de la vie et l’isolement, une protection par ces saints était très utile pour la croyance des fermiers. La chapelle était vouée à l’adoration des fidèles, qui demandaient le secours dans leurs peines, leurs malheurs et leurs difficultés auprès de ces quatorze saints, le plus souvent représentés ensemble.

Cette pratique de culte était, initialement, d’origine germanique. Ce sont les Cisterciens qui ont été les premiers à invoquer ces saints auxiliaires, qui sont fêtés collectivement le 8 août.

Le tableau nécessitant une restauration a été donné à la paroisse de Grendelbruch par la famille Fischer.

Il représente les saints suivants[1] :
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width:500px"> <tbody> <tr> <td>SAINT-E</td> <td>Histoire</td> <td>Représenté-e</td> <td>Invoqué-e</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Acade</td> <td>Était capitaine dans l’armée de l’empereur Maximien. Décapité en 311</td> <td>En capitaine, avec une couronne d’épines et une croix</td> <td>Principalement pour la grâce d’une bonne mort</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Ste Barbe (ou Barbara)</td> <td>Fille de païen, tuée par son père pour avoir refusé d’abjurer sa foi chrétienne en 237</td> <td>En robe de vierge, couronne sur la tête, une épée dans une main et un ciboire dans l’autre</td> <td>Contre l’incendie, la foudre, les explosions</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Blaise de Sébaste</td> <td>Evêque de Sébaste en Arménie.
Mort en 316</td> <td>En évêque avec deux cierges croisés allumés dans ses mains</td> <td>Contre les maladies de la gorge et contre le saignement</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Ste Catherine d’Alexandrie</td> <td>Fiche d’une famille riche d’Alexandrie, elle tient tête à l’empereur. Torturée sur une roue</td> <td>Epée à la main, branche de palmier en main, à ses côtés une roue brisée</td> <td>Protectrice de la vertu et de la pureté</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Christophe</td> <td>Homme fort, il porta un jeune sur ses épaules pour lui faire traverser un fleuve. Mort en 252</td> <td>En portant l’Enfant – Jésus sur son dos avec un bâton vert fleurissant</td> <td>Contre les dangers de l’eau, les accidents de voyage.</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Cyriaque<!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:TargetScreenSize>800x600</o:TargetScreenSize> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF/> <w:LidThemeOther>FR</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables/> <w:SnapToGridInCell/> <w:WrapTextWithPunct/> <w:UseAsianBreakRules/> 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Name="List Table 3 Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 6"/> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tableau Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;} </style> <![endif]--></td> <td>A converti beaucoup de Romains. Mort en 303</td> <td>En habit de diacre, une épée dans la main et un dragon sous ses pieds</td> <td>Contre les possessions</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Denis</td> <td>Premier évêque de Paris, mort décapité à l’actuelle place Montmartre, à plus de 100 ans, en 272.</td> <td>Comme évêque décapité portant sa tête dans sa main</td> <td>Contre les maux de tête, les remords de conscience</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Egide ou St Gilles</td> <td>Abbé. Confesseur du roi Charles Martel. Mort en 720.</td> <td>En habit de bénédictin avec une biche blottie contre lui en confiance</td> <td>Contre les frayeurs nocturnes, la panique, la folie.</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Erasme</td> <td>Evêque ayant fait beaucoup de miracles. Torturé par Maximien qui lui fit ôter les entrailles. Mort en 303.</td> <td>En évêque, un livre à la main. Dans l’autre main, un treuil tenant les entrailles enroulées.</td> <td>Contre les douleurs corporelles, le mal de ventre</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Eustache</td> <td>Colonel de la cavalerie de Titus.</td> <td>En chasseur, à ses côtés un cerf</td> <td>Contre la discorde dans la famille</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Georges</td> <td>Commandant de l’armée romaine. Mort en 303</td> <td>Chevalier romain terrassant un dragon</td> <td>Pour la santé des animaux domestiques</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Ste Marguerite d’Antioche</td> <td>Fille de prêtre. Torturée pour sa foi.</td> <td>Elle conduite un dragon enchaîné</td> <td>Contre les assauts de Satan</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Pantaléon</td> <td>Médecin particulier de l’empereur Maximien. Tué en 303</td> <td>En train de prier, avec un sac de médicaments, à ses pieds</td> <td>Contre les maladies, contre l’empoisonnement</td> </tr> <tr> <td>St Vite ou St Guy</td> <td>Fait des miracles. Tué par l’empereur Dioclétien en 303</td> <td>En garçon rayonnant avec un chaudron, avec une croix</td> <td>Contre les maladies des nerfs</td> </tr> </tbody> </table>
[1] Source : HASSENFRATZ Etienne, GRENDELBRUCH Chroniques de 1870 à nos jours et quelques repères historiques mondiaux, I.D. L’EDITION, 2014

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